Here is what language-learning and family history research can do for your health: perspective…
-History of Black Slavery in Puerto Rico, by Soler:
Historia de La Esclavitud Negra En Puerto Rico by Luis M. Soler
This extensive and not easy to read, but well worthwhile history of slavery in Puerto Rico, shows the importance not only of where we have been, but also what tools we have now and how to evaluate them in the light of past and present situations. The author comments that a Cooperative could have saved the small coffee producers of Puerto Rico, though not on whether that would have enabled the liberation of their enslaved workers. Yet this is a step forward in the analysis of both labour relations and the history of People of Color in the Americas.
I now also know that the family of my enslaved 5xGreat Grandfather Miles Manzilla could even have originated in Spain itself, potentially. Our shared origins are important to know, both for understanding why enslaved workers would have defended their masters during Indian attacks, and also in deciding how to relate to our history of enslavement today. What feelings remain to be resolved on all sides?
P. 15 del pdf = P. 21 del libro
La Corona y los esclavagistas se creaban liberales y generosos, evidentemente, pero sus esclavos no compartieron ese sentimiento!
The Crown and owners thought themselves generous, but their slaves disagreed!
P. 25=32: Ya sabîa Bartolomé de Las Casas pero no de Fray Antonio de Montesinos a favor de los indigenes.
Dominicans vs Franciscans ??
P.33 Las Ordenanzas No Fueron Cumplidas…
The Orders (…of the King to protect the Indigenous/Indian/Native Population) were Not Obeyed…
P.33=P.40: At least he admitted his error before he died;
Al menos se admetîa su error antes de su muerte.
P.77pdf=P.86: The author thinks that a Cooperative would have saved small producers in PR from the falling coffee prices (due to Cuban overproduction)…
P. 126 So France had a Black Code, too? Of course, where did the southern colonies/states (USA) get them from…
3 November, 1839: Pope Gregory XVI condemned the Slave Trade? and Baltimore, and Maryland…
In summary, there was not only lots of Mestisage, but a good bit of back-and-forthing of slaves between PR and the English and French-speaking colonies. Thus, entirely possible that Miles Manzilla, Sr’s family was of Spanish colony origin.
Read, Write, Run, Teach !
18 February, 12016 HE
Action Items in support of health for all that you can take right now:
1.) Consider your thoughts on slavery and the modern-day effects on Black families in the USA.
2.) Share them with us in the comments, here, please.
Dear Readers, any additional ideas toward learning, especially multiple #LanguageLearning as part of on-going education and empathy-building, to #EndPoverty, #EndHomelessness, #EndMoneyBail & achieve freedom for All HumanKind?
Support our key #PublicDomainInfrastructure & #StopSmoking for CCOVID-19:
2. #ProBono legal aid and Education,
3. #UniversalHealthCare, and
4. good #publictransport
NaNoWriMo 2020 CE
November, 2020 CE = 12020 HE
Shira Destinie Jones by ShiraDest is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.